General Description: Far and away the best known and most traveled of the routes. Three of the main routes through France feed into the francés north of the Pyrenees and a number of the routes in Spain join the francés at various points along its length. 774 km (from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port) or 749 km (from Roncesvalles) to Santiago de Compostela. Starting typically in either Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port in France or in Roncesvalles in Spain and traveling through Pamplona, Puente de la Reina, Logroño, Burgos, León, Astorga, Ponferrada and Sarria to Santiago.
Waymarking: Extremely well marked with painted yellow arrows as well as plaques and signposts, the latter usually with stylized scallop shell symbols.
Terrain: Quite varied terrain beginning with the ascent and/or the descent of the Pyrenees, then passing through the rich vineyards of La Rioja, the vast meseta (the high, flat, exposed tableland between Burgos and León), then into the Montes de León before crossing the high pass of O Cebreiro into the province of Galicia where many river valleys are crossed.
When to go: The route is traversed at all times of the year primarily because there are at least minimal services available year round. However there is very likely to be snow in the winter months and early spring in the Pyrenees, the Montes de Oca (east of Burgos), the Montes de León and in Galicia. Most of the route, but especially the meseta, is extremely hot in the summer months of July and August. Climate charts for Pamplona, Burgos and Santiago de Compostela.
Accommodation: Among all the routes, the Camino francés has without question the most highly developed infrastructure with plentiful sleeping accommodations of all types—pilgrim albergues and refugios operated by associations and governmental units and as private businesses, hostales, small hotels and several high-end hotels in the Spanish government's parador system. Some camping in the summer. Food options are plentiful. Generally facilities are only rarely further apart than 10 km.
Courtesy of Arlene Mourier and David Yates, this is the link to a file with every albergue (note only albergues) on the francés:
Additions, corrections and deletions can be sent to Arlene via the e-mail address of the Old Pueblo (Tucson) local chapter of American PIlgrims: OldPueblo@americanpilgrims.org.
Guidebooks: There are numerous guidebooks on the Camino francés, too numerous to do all the authors justice. We would invite you to close this page and then look at our Books page under Resources.
Internet links: The Camino francés being far and away the most popular route, there are countless web sites devoted to it. We suggest closing this window and finding our Internet Resources page under Resources. The Confraternity of Saint James has a brief overview. The Xunta de Galicia has a section with extensive information on that portion of the Camino francés within Galicia including history, tourism, albergues, other services and Santiago itself. Godesalco has a most interesting and useful route planner for the Camino francés. One can download an elevation profile as well as a customized file containing stages.
Video links: From the Camino video series produced by the Spanish television channel TVE:
Camino francés, part 1, 0:27:02, Spanish, 2004, Somport-Jaca-Puente la Reina-Estella-Logroño
Camino francés, part 2, 0:26:59, Spanish, 2004, Logroño-Burgos-Frómista-Carrión de los Condes-Sahagún
Camino francés, part 3, 0:27:39, Spanish, 2004, Sahagún-León-O Cebreiro-Sarria-Santiago de Compostela
Other remarks: The Camino francés is far and away the most traveled of all the routes. This could be a positive or a negative depending on the time of year and your desire to be with other peregrinos. In the busiest part of the year, the summer months and especially in the period leading to Santiago's Feast Day, July 25th, accommodations will be quite stressed.
Important note: St. Jean Pied-de-Port to Roncesvalles via the Lepoeder Pass (Route Napoleón) will be officially closed from 1 November 2015 to 31 March 2016. From 1 November to 31 March, all pilgrims will be required to follow the Valcarlos route from St. Jean Pied-de-Port to Roncesvalles, unless express authorization to use the Route Napoleón is given by the Emergency Agency of Navarre. Local authorities have the option to close the route after this interval if weather conditions dictate the need. To read the complete story, click HERE. La historia en español, haz click AQUÍ.